From their elaborate communication style to their continuously growing incisors, there’s much to learn about these friendly rodents. Here are a few things you may not know about guinea pigs. Guinea pigs are true social creatures. So let us know some of the fun facts about guinea pigs.
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Fun Facts about Guinea Pigs: They can be nasty
They can be nasty if they’re confined to one area, so it is best to have at least three guinea pigs in a house.
Guinea pigs are solitary creatures during the day but will come out of their huts to hang out with their friends every time the lights are on.
They live short
The average guinea pig lifespan is 4-6 years old. Despite this, females live longer than males because they tend to live more slowly and avoid riskier activities that could lead to fatal injuries or infections.
Heroin Rush– Natural Defense System
Guinea pigs have a natural defense system known as the “Heroin Rush” that puts them into a highly aggressive state of mind. When they feel threatened, they make a squeak and perform a full body spin. If this doesn’t work, they will chew on things until they feel safe or escape to another room.
Guinea Pigs have 32 teeths !
When you see a guinea pig eating grass, it is not because it wants to eat greenery. In fact, grass is full of toxins that can harm them if consumed too much so guinea pigs use their teeth to gently break down the grass before eating it.
Guinea pigs don’t have teeth. In fact, they have a total of 32 cheek teeth. So as to make room for this number of teeth, some of their other skull bones were removed during evolution.
They are furry born!
Guinea pigs are born fully furred, complete with a coat/fur called “pelage” that they will keep for the rest of their lives. When talking about the pelage color of a guinea pig, you can tell how old it is by analyzing its fur color. For example, grey guinea pigs have been around for one year.
Guinea pigs often groom themselves daily and will often lick themselves as a result of their natural grooming behavior to collect loose hairs and dirt under their nails. They also use these hairs as a way to prevent themselves from becoming dirty.
Guinea pig’s poop is called cecotropes
A guinea pig’s poop is called cecotropes and can be brown, grey, or green depending on the diet. These cecotropes help carry nutrients and defend against parasites and bacteria that may enter their bodies through the skin or mouth.
Also read: Everything to know about baby Guinea pigs!
Fun Facts about Guinea Pigs: Guinea pigs are not pigs.
Guinea pigs are NOT pigs! They are rodents. Although humans often see them as pets and use them in medical experiments, these animals are still quite different from pigs.
That’s why it’s important to know the difference before you start using terms like “piglet” or “pig.” Guinea pigs have a very short lifespan and give birth to only one offspring at a time. Their babies immediately begin nursing immediately after giving birth.
Pigs, on the other hand, can produce multiple litters in one year and their babies generally nurse until they’re weaned off of their mother’s milk around six weeks old! As you can see, there is much more than meets the eye when it comes to these two animals. Let’s see what else is different!
Guinea pigs are rodents. They are herbivores (Fun Facts about Guinea Pigs)
Pigs are omnivorous. Guinea pigs have short, rounded ears while pigs have long, floppy ears that can reach the top of their back. If you look closely, you’ll notice that their eyes are also different.
Guinea pigs have big, round eyes while pigs have smaller eyes with a dark spot in the center of each eye called a “nictitating membrane.” Pigs can move their eyes in almost any direction while guinea pigs’ eyes only move up and down!
Pigs are mostly bald while their guinea pig counterparts usually have very coarse hair that they use to sense things in their environment with or without sight. Guinea pigs generally have a lifespan of 2–4 years while pigs, on average, can live up to 25 years!
They are generally more intelligent. They can learn to follow commands and even play video games! Guinea pigs tend to be a little more sensitive and emotional. Pigs can be trained to play soccer or baseball while guinea pig owners must tell their pets what they want them to do rather than training them how to do it themselves. They can play simple games like fetch, but that’s about it.
Guinea pigs are herbivores, but they still have some trouble digesting cellulose due to their short digestive tract. Pigs are omnivores, meaning they eat both plant and animal products.
In fact, pigs can digest cellulose with great ease due to their longer digestive tract. Pigs have many more teeth than guinea pigs—about 44 teeth total! Guinea pigs have a pair of incisors for chewing and a pair of cheek teeth that only exist to grind food. Pigs have a total of 4 pairs of incisors for eating, a pair of large canine incisors, a pair of root incisors, a pair large canine teeth and another set of molars behind those.
Are Guinea Pigs Nocturnal Or Diurnal?
No adorable little guinea pig’s either diurnal or nocturnal; commonly, guinea pigs possess an odd sleeping habit.
While diurnal creatures are attentive during the daytime, nocturnal creatures nap during the daytime and are enthusiastic during dusk, usually chasing for their quarry. As per the studies, guinea pigs are crepuscular creatures.
They are extensively enthusiastic at dawn and night and nap in very short intervals during the sleep of the day.
The crepuscular lifestyle goes by guinea pigs because of their traits and unusual sleeping patterns. They are tiny, domestic animals. Nevertheless, their ancestors inhabited the wild. This is one of the best fun facts about guinea pigs.
A long time back, guinea pigs used to be concerned about poor climate and hungry predators, but that is not the case with domestic pet guinea pigs. Before, a guinea pig enthusiastic at dusk and dawn had considerable chances of survival.
Does The Environment Impact The Bedtime Habits of a Guinea Pig?
Yes, definitively, the habitat impacts the napping habits of a guinea pig.
Usually, creatures diversify their sleep time to their habitat and the environment in the area. Guinea pigs emerge from the mounts of South America where the weathers vary from below freezing to room temperature.
Nevertheless, guinea pigs can’t handle too hot or too cold climates, so they would spend most of their time inside their burrow. Consequently, little guinea pigs function adequately at ordinary room temperatures, which in the Andes area happens at dawn and dusk. This is how guinea pigs created their diurnal or nocturnal sleeping patterns.
Just like different animals, when it was extremely hot, they would nap during the day to save energy but would come to be active during the dusk to look for food.
Likewise, when the climate is cold during the night, they would be more effective during the day.
Therefore, guinea pigs adjusted to their habitat and, today, their napping patterns correspond to the ones they got from their forebear. Presently, guinea pigs reside just in captivity and, as far as we understand, they do not live in the wild anymore.