Guinea pig ringworm infection is a widespread disease in guinea pigs. Contrary to its phrase, this disease is not because of a parasitic worm but happens due to a Microsporum species of fungus, commonly the Trichophyton mentagrophytes fungus, moreover clinically pertained to as a ringworm. The ringworm infection is depicted by hairless patches that generally start at the head. Patches might first occur on the face, generally on the nose, ears, eyes and from there the guinea pig ringworm infection can scatter to the back. A guinea pig ringworm infection is communicable and hence can spread from another guinea pig or degraded articles such as bedding.
Guinea pig ringworm infection will commonly settle on its own if you are putting up with a good amount of care and keeping its cell or tank sanitary and clean. Nevertheless, ringworm is extremely contagious to other animals and humans. Thus, caution is crucial while dealing with an infected guinea pig.
Guinea pig ringworm symptoms and Types
The fundamental sign of ringworm disease is hairless patches, which start at the head. Pain and itching may also be discerned in infected guinea pigs. The hairless patches will commonly have crusty, flaky, red patches within them; when these bald patches occur on the face.
The prominent symptom related to ringworm in guinea pigs is hairless patches. These are generally seen around the head and look like red, flaky patches in them. The hairless patches are initially discerned on the nose, ears, and near the eyes, but can disseminate to other parts of the body if not treated. Contact your veterinary doctor as soon as you see these indications in your guinea pig or if you see your pet scratching excessively.
Ringworm is an Infectious fungal disease stimulated mostly by the fungus Trichophyton mentagrophytes, or by the fungi originating to the Microsporum species. It is extensively contagious and can be developed through mere contact with an infected guinea pig. Infected objects, such as bedding, are another origin of ringworm infection
Also read:- Guinea Pig vs Rabbit! Who is better as a pet?
Your veterinarian can formulate a preliminary diagnosis of ringworm disease by visually assessing the red patches on the guinea pig’s skin. The diagnostic devices employed for diagnosis incorporate ultraviolet light, which will reveal details of the skin infection, and also the sample skin scrapings were taken for laboratory inspection.
Treatment is somewhat less than two months of oral antifungal medicine. If there are barely one or two bare patches or rare non-spreading spots of skin that seem red and flaky, they can generally be cared for by putting an antifungal topical liniment that has been approved by your veterinarian. The procedure of treatment commonly lasts 7-10 days. Your veterinarian may also recommend the use of mineral and vitamins supplements to enhance your guinea pig’s health.
Living and Management
If you are someone who loves guinea pigs and has many of them, you should segregate the recovering guinea pig from the rest of the guinea pigs by putting it in a new cage until the infected pig is completely vacated. The next very important thing is to clean the guinea pig being placed in, also the old cage the infected guinea pig has been living in will be thoroughly cleaned and sanitized. Clean it well before you introduce the guinea pig into it.
Follow the medication plan as suggested by your veterinarian. Ringworm disease is highly infectious to humans and other animals as well. Thus, when dealing with an infected guinea pig it is crucial to put on disposable gloves and wash your hands completely with soap and warm water after addressing the infected pig. It is advised that kids should not handle the infected guinea pig or any of the guinea pig material until everything is sanitized. Also, make sure to see your veterinarian again to be sure of the fact that the infection has fully vindicated from the guinea pig’s system and to evaluate the situation of the skin.
You should sanitize your infected guinea pig cage daily to avoid the build-up of infected material inside the cages that can curtail the incidences of ringworm disease in guinea pigs.
While not a serious infection, ringworm is an issue because it is highly communicable. It can handily and rapidly dissipate between animals and people, and kicking out ringworm from a high contamination home can be a major nuisance. Probably, the risk of infectious environmental contamination is limited with guinea pigs correlated to dogs and cats because of their tiny size and propensity to be kept restricted to cages most of the time.
Ringworm should be evaluated in any guinea pig that evolves hair loss or other skin/hair issues. This is especially true if it is a new acquisition or if a new pet has been taken to the home recently.
If ringworm is doubted, an immediate visit to the physician is in order. The guinea pig should be addressed sparingly (or not at all) until the reason for the skin infection is specified. Close awareness should be given to hand hygiene, and to be on the safer side use of surgical gloves should be considered, although gloves are not a cure-all and people at times misuse gloves to such a degree that they enhance the risk of scattering disease.
If a new guinea pig is acquired, it is perfect to have it explored by a veterinarian before it reaches the home. To avoid guinea pig ringworm it is also significant to buy a guinea pig from a reliable source, to assure that guinea pigs do not carry any sort of skin disease. It is also suitable to put the new guinea pig in an isolated cage separated from other guinea pigs. By doing such practices you can keep your family on a safer side and can avoid guinea pig ringworm infection.