What Guinea Pigs Eat
What Guinea Pigs Eat

What do Guinea pigs eat?

Guinea pigs are herbivores, so their nourishment should be based on ace-quality guinea pig hay, pelleted guinea pig diet and limited amounts of fresh fruits and fresh vegetables. An imbalance in their nourishment can result in obesity, chronic diarrhoea and diseases of the heart, kidneys or liver. Deliberately introducing new foods to your guinea pig’s everyday diet as significant or abrupt dietary changes can result in health issues (such as diarrhoea).

Nourish your guinea pig on a constant schedule, two times a day, morning and evening. Guinea pigs will eat like a horse if given the opportunity, so, to avoid obesity, remove the leftover food from their cage after one hour and discard it. Never put in new food substances, including hay, before cleaning out the old leftover food.

Chlorine-free, fresh, filtered water must be always available inside your guinea pig’s cage particularly during warm weather, as guinea pigs are vulnerable to heatstroke. Their water consumption should be a minimum of five ounces daily. Wash your guinea pig’s water utensil daily with a mild washing liquid and sterile it with hot water.

So, What do Guinea Pigs Eat? What all can be included in their diet? 

Hay: 

Guinea Pigs eat hay as their favorite food. Hay is a significant part of your pet’s nourishment. Guinea pigs need this kind of fibre for adequate digestion; thus, it must be available to them at all times. Munching on hay also enables you to wear down your guinea pig’s teeth, which develop continuously. Be sure to buy green, high-quality, clean and fresh hay that is sweet-smelling, dry and free of dirty mould. High-quality range hay such as Timothy hay is a considerable option.

Pellets:

 A commercial guinea pig diet is specially composed to give proportional nourishment with the favourable dosage of Vitamin C and other necessary nutrients. Always go for pelleted food that has been veterinarian-tested and authorized. Also, follow the feeding instruction on the packaging as a manual.

Vegetables:

Guinea Pigs eat vegetables as they enjoy the crunch they get while biting one. Guinea pigs should be given one cup of vegetables each day. New vegetables should be given to your pet one at a time. Fresh, grown organic greens are the promising option. Vegetables that your Guinea Pig can eat include:

  • Romaine lettuce (never iceberg lettuce)
  • Carrots and carrot tops
  • Peas
  • Broccoli spears
  • Spinach
  • Artichokes
  • Kale
  • Tomatoes (not the stems or leaves)
  • Green and red bell peppers
  • Other dark green veggies

These vegetables are enriched with vitamins and minerals that are valuable to your guinea pig’s all-around health. Wash all the veggies thoroughly to eliminate fragments of harmful pesticides and prevent serving cold vegetables.

Guniea Pigs Eating Carrot

Fruits:

Generally speaking, try to feed more vegetables than fruits as fruits have high sugar content in them. Small, bite-sized quantities of fruit served every day will amuse your guinea pig and will give much-needed Vitamin C for their healthy growth. Fruits guinea pigs can eat include:

  • Oranges
  • Apples
  • Pears
  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Kiwi
  • Papayas
  • Peaches
  • Cucumbers

Also, remember to wash all fruits thoroughly before giving them to your hungry guinea pig and prevent serving a cold fruit.

Treats & chews:

 It’s suggested that everyday treats (including fruit) should not surpass ten percent of your guinea pig’s cumulative food intake. Many commercially manufactured treats include artificial sweeteners, Salt or sugar, before purchasing treats for your guinea pig read the labels carefully and try selecting healthy options for your pet.

Since guinea pig’s teeth grow continuously, you should incorporate a diversity of fun chews, incorporating sticks, gummy toys, balls, blocks and treats prepared particularly for small animals. Not only are they a good pastime for your guinea pig to chew on, but they also assist to get rid of boredom. The next treat alternative is a small animal salt lick, which is an affluent source of healthful minerals and is a healthful way to fulfil your guinea pig’s craving for salt.

Cecotropes

Nature has given guinea pigs an extraordinary method for enhancing their unique nutritional necessities. Cecotropes are tiny, soft pellets that include nutrients soaked up from plants during the digestive procedure. They move from the big intestine, out the anus and are eaten instantly. While this procedure may look strange or even revolting, you must let Guinea pigs eat it and not prevent it as cecotropes are an essential portion of your guinea pig’s nourishment.

Foods guinea pigs cannot eat!

There are numerous types of foods that you should prevent providing your guinea pig, for numerous reasons. Some food items can be harmful for your piggy’s health, some substances are too rich in fat or sugar, some might even choke your pet, some have no nutritional value, some can result in gas and some can result in bloat. 

A list of the foods to stop feeding your guinea pig includes:

  • Chocolate (or anything else containing caffeine)
  • Onions
  • Garlic
  • Mushrooms
  • Iceberg lettuce
  • Avocados
  • Nuts
  • Potatoes
  • Seeds
  • Corn kernels
  • Peanut butter
  • Rhubarb
  • Cabbage
  • Bok choy
  • Dairy products
  • Bread
  • Meat

You should also never give your guinea pig any plants, flowers or grass from your lawn or garden as they may incorporate harmful pesticides or other dangers; many houseplants are also deadly, so often oversee your little pet when they are out of their cage roaming in the lawn.

Risk of having scurvy in guinea pigs and the importance of Vitamin C!

Guinea pigs have a high risk of cultivating a Vitamin C shortage called scurvy due to their incapacity to synthesize the vitamin. To fight scurvy, your guinea pig requires 30–50 mg of Vitamin C every day. Pellets and treats enhanced with Vitamin C should be given your guinea pig’s everyday must-have intake, but there are also more options. While you can give Vitamin C in liquid or tablet form, these alternatives are less naturally used. Supplementing with treats in the aspect of vegetables and citrus fruits permits you to give Vitamin C from raw sources, while still letting him to admire the variety and fulfilment that attains from a well-balanced nutritional value diet.

End Note!

If you ever catch sight of anything out of the normal with your guinea pig, take them to their veterinarian doctor right away. Indications of probable illness comprise crusty eyes, sneezing, weight loss, diarrhoea and hair loss. With adequate care, you can anticipate your guinea pig to survive up to eight years. Like any other pet, your guinea pig has to go for annual check-ups. Talk with your veterinarian to assure that your guinea pig is having a proper intake of nutrition they need

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